America Becomes a World Power

This time period sees the United States become more involved around the world as industrialization spurs the need for more resources and markets. The later part of this time period sees the world engulfed in its first world war.

Spanish American War

·         Causes

o   U.S. economic interests

o   De Lôme Letter

§  Called McKinley “weak”

o   Yellow Journalism

§  Joseph Pulitzer

§  William Randolph Hurst

o   Humanitarian concerns

§  Repression of Cuban Rebels

o   Sinking of the USS Maine


·         Events

o   Roosevelt’s Rough Riders

o   Manila Bay victory


·         Results

o   U.S. emerges as a world power

o   U.S. acquires a colonial empire

§  Philippines, Puerto Rico, Cuba

o   Ended Spain’s colonial empire


Debate over American Imperialism

·         Imperialists

o   Need for markets and resources

o   Grab territory while some was left

o   Need colonies for U.S. to develop world power

§  Alfred Thayer Mahan

·         Anti-Imperialists

o   Went against U.S. democracy


U.S. Imperialism

·         Latin American policy

o   Monroe Doctrine (1823)

o   U.S. occupies Cuba and Puerto Rico

o   Big Stick

§  Intervene to collect debts

§  U.S. acts as “policeman”

o   Building Panama Canal

o   Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy

o   Wilson’s “Watchful Waiting” policy 

·         Asia policy

o   China

§  John Hay – Open Door Policy

§  Boxer Rebellion – foreign intervention

o   Japan

§  Commodore Matthew Perry opens Japan

·         Japan’s rapid industrialization

o   Defeats China in war

o   Defeats Russia in war


World War I

·         Causes of War in Europe

·         A new kind of war

·         U.S. enters war

·         Highlights of WWI

·         Treaty of Versailles

Unknown user,
Nov 8, 2014, 7:56 AM